Job Market Paper
- Monetary Policy and the Maturity Structure of Public Debt. 2021. SSRN
Abstract This paper studies the mediating impact of the maturity of public debt in the transmission of monetary policy shocks to economic activity. A longer debt maturity attenuates greatly the effect of monetary policy: going from the average historical duration of US debt to very short term debt doubles the impact of a rise of the policy rate on output. A similar result holds in UK data. Using data on corporate debt, spreads, investment, and fiscal variables, I show that these effects can be traced back to a quantitatively important *financing channel*. A model featuring an interaction between an empirically estimated primary market friction and a standard financial accelerator is able to account for these facts.
- LESS is MORE: Consumer Spending and the Size of Economic Stimulus Payments. With Paolo Surico. 2021. CEPR DP No. 15918. VoxEU Column
Abstract We study the consumption response to unexpected transitory income gains of different size, using hypothetical questions from the Italian Survey of Household Income and Wealth. Families with low cash-on-hand display a higher Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC) out of the small gains while affluent households exhibit a higher MPC out of the large gains. The spending behaviour of low-income families is consistent with the predictions of models with borrowing constraints and uninsurable income risk whereas the consumption pattern of higher earners can be accounted for by non-homothetic preferences on non-essentials. Our results suggest that, for a given level of public spending, a fiscal transfer of smaller size paid to a larger group of low-income households stimulates aggregate consumption more than a larger transfer paid to a smaller group.
Work in Progress
- Public Debt Supply.
- Essential Business Cycles. With Natalie Rickard and Paolo Surico
- Missing Inflation Targets and Public Debt Maturity. With Hélène Rey
- Preference Heterogeneity. With Francisco Gomes, Oksana Smirnova, and Paolo Surico
- Uncertainty and Corporate Bond Issuance. With Elena Gerko and Hélène Rey
Pre-PhD Working Papers
- Investing in Electricity, Growth, and Debt Sustainability: The Case of Lesotho. With Aidar Abdychev. 2016. International Monetary Fund Working Paper No.16/115.
Abstract This paper analyses a large public investment in a construction of a hydropower plant in Lesotho and its implications on the growth and debt sustainability. The paper employs an open economy dynamic general equilibrium model to assess the benefits of a large public investment through growth-enhancing increase in domestic energy supply and receipts from selling electricity abroad to ease the fiscal burden, which is often associated with big investment projects. During the transition (construction stage), various financing options are explored: increase in the public debt, increase in domestic revenue (fiscal adjustment), and combination. The calibration matches Lesotho's data and it captures the project's main challenges regarding the project costs. Moreover,the key remaining issue is the agreement with South Africa to purchase sufficient amount of electricity to allow the potential plant to run at a high capacity. We find that, the project can lead to sizable macroeconomic benefits as long as costs are relatively low and demand from South Africa is sufficiently high. However, the risks for the viability of the project are high, if these assumptions are violated.
- Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships. With Edward F. Buffie, Bin Grace Li, and Luis-Felipe Zanna. 2016. International Monetary Fund Working Paper No. 16/78.
Abstract The voluminous literature comparing public-private partnerships (P3s) and own-investment (OI) by the public sector is dominated by contributions from microeconomic theory. This paper gives macroeconomics a voice in the debate by investigating the repercussions of P3 vs. OI in a dynamic general equilibrium model featuring private capital accumulation and involuntary unemployment with efficiency wages. Typically P3s cost more but produce higher-quality infrastructure and boast a better on-time completion record than OI; consequently, they are comparatively more effective in reducing underinvestment in private capital, underinvestment in infrastructure, unemployment and poverty. The asymmetric impact on macro externalities raises the social return in the P3 2 - 9 percentage points relative to the social return to OI, depending on whether the externalities operate singly or in combination and on whether P3 enjoys an advantage in speed of construction.
- Hidden Value. With Edward F. Buffie, Bin Grace Li, and Luis-Felipe Zanna. Finance and Development, September 2016, Vol. 53, No. 3